The oxygen consumption associated with unloaded walking and load carriage using two different backpack designs

R. Lloyd, Carlton Cooke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the energy expenditure associated with load carriage using both a traditional rucksack and a new rucksack design, the AARN rucksack, which incorporates front balance pockets. Nine volunteers walked at 3 km h-1 at various uphill and downhill gradients on a treadmill without a load and carrying a load of 25.6 kg in each of the rucksacks. The oxygen consumption associated with both of the loading conditions was significantly (P < 0.001) higher than that associated with unloaded walking at all downhill gradients tested, although there was no significant difference between the two loading conditions. During the uphill gradients the oxygen consumption associated with the AARN pack was significantly (P < 0.05) lower than that associated with the traditional pack at the 0%, 5%, 10% and 20% gradients. The mean (%) differences at these gradients, expressed in ml · kg-1 · min-1 were 1.18 (9%), 1.45 (8%), 1.76 (8%) and 1.88 (6%), respectively. On average for the whole protocol, the oxygen consumption associated with the AARN rucksack was 5% lower than that associated with the traditional rucksack [mean (SD) 17.28 (7.46) ml · kg-1 · min-1 for the AARN pack and 18.20 (7.84) ml · kg-1 · min-1 for the traditional pack]. The findings of the present study suggest that a load carriage system that allows the load to be distributed between the back and font of the trunk is more appropriate for carrying relatively heavy loads than a system that loads the back only.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)486-492
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume81
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Energy expenditure
  • Load carriage
  • Oxygen consumption
  • Rucksacks
  • Walking

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The oxygen consumption associated with unloaded walking and load carriage using two different backpack designs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this