Speaking pictures (text only)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The article explores the way in which image and text became increasingly confused during the 1880s and 1890s. Images became telling and spoke truths while texts showed and depicted scenes. Conventions that had been established for stage and drama were adopted by writers, who often incorporated image into their writing. Writers like Jerome K. Jerome and the Grossmiths played up such confusion between picture and text for comic effect. In this article these texts are examined and connected to an emerging culture in which text and image were collapsed and flattened.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLiterature and image in the long nineteenth century
Subtitle of host publicationspeaking picture and silent text
EditorsAmina Alyal
Place of PublicationNewcastle on Tyne
PublisherCambridge Scholars Publishing
Number of pages27
ISBN (Print)9781527519725, 1527519724
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sept 2023


  • Jerome K Jerome
  • Weedon Grossmith
  • The Diary of a Nobody
  • Three Men in a Boat
  • Martin Meisel


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