Resilience as positive coping appraisals: testing the schematic appraisals model of suicide (SAMS)

J. Johnson, P. A. Gooding, A. M. Wood, N. Tarrier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

157 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: The Schematic Appraisals Model of Suicide (SAMS) suggests that positive self-appraisals may be important for buffering suicidal thoughts and behaviours, potentially providing a key source of resilience. The current study aimed to explore whether positive self-appraisals buffered individuals from suicidality in the face of stressful life events. 

Method: 78 participants who reported experiencing some degree of suicidality were recruited from a student population. They completed a battery of questionnaires including measures of suicidality, stressful life events and positive self-appraisals. 

Results: Positive self-appraisals moderated the association between stressful life events and suicidality. For those reporting moderate or high levels of positive self-appraisals, raised incidence of stressful life events did not lead to increases in suicidality. 

Discussion: These results support the SAMS framework, and suggest that positive self-appraisals may confer resilience to suicide. Positive self-appraisals may be a promising avenue for further resilience research, and an important area to target for suicide interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-186
Number of pages8
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hardiness
  • Life events
  • Positive appraisals
  • Resilience
  • Suicide
  • Young adults

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