Psychometric validation of the Young Parenting Inventory - Revised (YPI-R2): replication and extension of a commonly used parenting scale in Schema Therapy (ST) research and practice

John Philip Louis, Alex M. Wood, George Lockwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed at developing a revised validated version of the Young Parenting Inventory (YPI) known as YPI-R2 that had 17 theoretical subscales. Using separate ratings for fathers and mothers samples from Singapore (n = 582, 617), Manila (n = 520, 538), Jakarta (n = 366, 383), and the USA (n = 204, 214), exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were conducted. This resulted in five subscales for fathers and six for mothers. The 17 theoretical subscales were not supported. Construct, convergent, and divergent validity of this new revised alternative YPI-R2 were also demonstrated. The stringent incremental validity test showed that the YPI-R2 accounted for additional statistically significant variance over and above that contributed by gender and three other established parenting instruments in predicting clinically relevant outcomes. Partial invariance of its factor structure was demonstrated through multigroup CFA using Eastern and Western samples. Finally, significant correlations with the 18 Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMSs) supported a central tenet of schema therapy that these are associated with early negative parenting patterns. Parenting norms in both Eastern and Western cultures that were associated with ill-being were also discussed thus showing the cross-cultural relevance of the YPI-R2.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0205605
JournalPLoS One
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

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