Predictors and motives for mask-wearing behavior and vaccination intention

Jakub Binter, Ondra Pesout, Michał Pieniak, Judit Martínez-Molina, Edward Noon, Michal M. Stefanczyk, Stephanie J. Eder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Containing a pandemic requires that individuals adhere to measures such as wearing face-masks and getting vaccinated. Therefore, identifying predictors and motives for both behaviors is of importance. Here, we study the decisions made by a cross-national sample in randomized hypothetical scenarios during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our results show that mask-wearing was predicted by empathic tendencies, germ aversion, and higher age, whilst belief in misinformation and presentation of an interaction partner as a family member lowered the safety standards. The main motives associated with taking the mask off included: rationalization, facilitating interaction, and comfort. Vaccination intention was positively predicted by empathy, and negatively predicted by belief in misinformation and higher costs of the vaccine. We found no effect of immunization status of the surrounding social group. The most common motive for vaccination was protection of oneself and others, whereas undecided and anti-vaccine groups reported doubts about the effectiveness and fear of side effects. Together, we identify social and psychological predictors and motives of mask-wearing behavior and vaccination intention. The results highlight the importance of social context for mask-wearing, easy access to vaccines, empathy, and trust in publicly distributed information.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10293 (2023)
JournalScientific reports
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2023


Dive into the research topics of 'Predictors and motives for mask-wearing behavior and vaccination intention'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this