Power, endurance, and body composition changes over a collegiate career in NCAA division 1 women soccer athletes

Bridget McFadden, Brittany Bozzini, Harry Cintineo, Samuel Hills, Alan Walker, Alexa Chandler, David Sanders, Mark Russell, Shawn Arent

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine longitudinal changes in fitness and body composition throughout athletes’ four-year collegiate soccer careers. Performance testing occurred prior to preseason during freshman, sophomore, junior and senior year in 17 female Division 1 soccer players. Body composition was assessed via air-displacement plethysmography to determine percent body fat (%BF), fat free mass (FFM) and body mass (BM). Maximal countermovement vertical jump height was assessed via contact mat using arm swing (CMJAS) and hands-on-hips (CMJHOH) methods to calculate power (CMJwatts/HOHwatts). Aerobic capacity (VO2max) and ventilatory threshold (VT) were assessed by indirect calorimetry during a maximal graded exercise test on a treadmill. Linear mixed models were used to assess changes across academic years (p
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 23 Sep 2022

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