Personality and body image: A systematic review

Mark S. Allen, Emma E. Walter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study systematically reviewed the evidence for personality as a correlate of body image. Electronic databases and reference lists were searched in May 2016 for studies reporting an association between at least one dimension of personality and at least one component of negative body image. Twenty-six studies (33 discrete samples) met inclusion criteria. Sixteen samples were coded as medium-high quality. 

The results indicated that negative body image was associated with higher levels of Neuroticism and lower levels of Extraversion. Agreeableness was not related to body image, and findings for Conscientiousness and Openness were indeterminate. After taking study quality into account, negative body image was also associated with lower levels of Conscientiousness. Neuroticism was associated with negative body image in both women and men. Sex moderation effects for Extraversion, Openness, and Conscientiousness were indeterminate. Large-sample, prospective studies of personality and body image are recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-88
Number of pages10
JournalBody Image
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Appearance evaluation
  • Big Five
  • Body appreciation
  • Body dissatisfaction
  • Body satisfaction

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