Optimal Emotional Profiles for Peak Performance in Strength and Conditioning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2018
This study investigated athletes’ performance-related emotions and emotional profiles for optimal performance in strength and conditioning (S&C). It is suggested that the identification and control of emotions associated with successful and unsuccessful performances are essential for achieving peak psychological states and optimal performance in sports-related tasks. The Individual Zone of Optimal Functioning (IZOF) model outlines an idiographic and comprehensive conceptual framework of interrelated dimensions that describe the structure and dynamics of subjective emotional experiences and performance-related psychobiological states. With institutional ethics approval, 13 competitive-elite athletes (male, n = 7; female, n = 6: mean age = 21.7 ± 4.0 years) completed IZOF-based emotion profiling, in which participants were asked to recall their perceived best and worst S&C session, outlining emotions and intensity within four global emotional categories. A significant difference was evidenced between best ever and worst ever performance within positive functional emotions (p < 0.001, d = 3.63) and negative dysfunctional emotions (p< 0.001, d = 4.92). Initial findings suggest that perceived peak performance states within S&C are associated with a high intensity of positive functional emotions (confident, motivated and energetic) and a low intensity of negative dysfunctional emotions (worn out, sluggish, annoyed and discouraged). Whilst future research is necessary to fully understand this area, the present data suggests that, in order to assist athletes in achieving perceived peak performance states within S&C, psychological skills and strategies should be informed and developed in collaboration with Sport Psychologists, with the aim of achieving an optimal emotional profile.

    Research areas

  • IZOF Model, Functional, Dysfunctional, Emotion, Peak Performance State


  • OEP_for_PP_in_S_and_C_Rev_1_Accepted

    Rights statement: © 2018, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. This is an author produced version of a paper accepted for publication in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self- archiving policy. Cooper, J., Johnson, M., Radcliffe, J. & Fisher, J. (2018)Optimal Emotional Profiles for Peak Performance in Strength and Conditioning. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.

    Accepted author manuscript, 598 KB, PDF document

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External organisations

  • Southampton Solent University

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