On positive psychological outcomes: what helps groups with a history of conflict to forgive and reconcile with each other?

Masi Noor, Rupert Brown, Roberto Gonzalez, Jorge Manzi, Christopher Alan Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

167 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three studies examined the roles of traditional and novel social psychological variables involved in intergroup forgiveness. Study 1 (N = 480) revealed that among the pro-Pinochet and the anti-Pinochet groups in Chile, forgiveness was predicted by ingroup identity (negatively), common ingroup identity (positively), empathy and trust (positively), and competitive victimhood (the subjective sense of having suffered more than the outgroup, negatively). Political ideology (Right vs. Left) moderated the relationship between empathy and forgiveness, trust and forgiveness, and between the latter and competitive victimhood. Study 2 (N = 309), set in the Northern Irish conflict between Protestants and Catholics, provided a replication and extension of Study 1. Finally, Study 3 (N = 155/108) examined the longitudinal relationship between forgiveness and reconciliation in Northern Ireland, revealing that forgiveness predicted reconciliation intentions. The reverse direction of this relationship was also marginally significant. Results are discussed in terms of their theoretical and practical implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)819-832
Number of pages14
JournalPersonality & social psychology bulletin
Volume34
Issue number6
Early online date14 Mar 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Chile
  • Conflict, Psychological
  • Crime Victims/psychology
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Empathy
  • Female
  • Group Processes
  • Humans
  • Identification, Psychological
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Morals
  • Northern Ireland
  • Politics
  • Probability
  • Religion and Psychology
  • Social Adjustment
  • Social Identification
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

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