Individual Differences in Loss Aversion: conscientiousness predicts how life satisfaction responds to losses versus gains in income

Christopher J. Boyce, Alex M. Wood, Eamonn Ferguson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Loss aversion is considered a general pervasive bias occurring regardless of the context or the person making the decision. We hypothesized that conscientiousness would predict an aversion to losses in the financial domain. We index loss aversion by the relative impact of income losses and gains on life satisfaction. In a representative German sample (N = 105,558; replicated in a British sample, N = 33,848), with conscientiousness measured at baseline, those high on conscientiousness have the strongest reactions to income losses, suggesting a pronounced loss aversion effect, whereas for those moderately unconscientious, there is no loss aversion effect. 

Our research (a) provides the first evidence of personality moderation of any loss aversion phenomena, (b) supports contextual perspectives that both personality and situational factors need to be examined in combination, (c) shows that the small but robust relationship between income and life satisfaction is driven primarily by a subset of people experiencing highly impactful losses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-484
Number of pages14
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • conscientiousness
  • income
  • life satisfaction
  • loss aversion
  • personality
  • subjective well-being

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Individual Differences in Loss Aversion: conscientiousness predicts how life satisfaction responds to losses versus gains in income'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this