Gratitude predicts psychological well-being above the Big Five facets

Alex M. Wood, Stephen Joseph, John Maltby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

244 Citations (Scopus)


This study tests whether gratitude predicts psychological well-being above both the domains and facets of the five factor model. Participants (N = 201) completed the NEO PI-R measure of the 30 facets of the Big Five, the GQ-6 measure of trait gratitude, and the scales of psychological well-being. Gratitude had small correlations with autonomy (r = .17), and medium to large correlations with environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relationships, purpose in life, and self-acceptance (rs ranged from .28 to .61). After controlling for the 30 facets of the Big Five, gratitude explained a substantial amount of a unique variance in most aspects of psychological well-being (requivalent = .14 to .25). Gratitude is concluded to be uniquely important to psychological well-being, beyond the effect of the Big Five facets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-447
Number of pages5
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Big Five
  • Eudaimonia
  • Facets
  • Five factor model
  • Gratitude
  • Positive psychology
  • Psychological well-being
  • Satisfaction with life


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