Exploring the tripartite model of authenticity within Gray's approach and inhibition systems and Cloninger's bio-social model of personality

Diana G. Pinto, John Maltby, Alex M. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We consider to what extent authenticity is related but distinct from Gray's (1982, 1985) behavioural inhibition/approach systems and Cloninger's psychobiological model (Cloninger, Svrakic, & Przybeck, 1993). Five-hundred and fifty-four adults (250 males, 304 females) completed measures of authenticity (Wood, Linley, Maltby, Baliousis, & Joseph, 2008), behavioural inhibition/activation (BIS/BAS, Carver & White, 1994) and Cloninger's temperament and character inventory (TCI-IPIP, Goldberg et al., 2006). Significant, small to moderate correlations are reported between authenticity and inhibitory and approach dimensions of Gray's and Cloninger's models. The directions of these relationships are consistent with Horney's (1945, 1951), and Maslow's (1954) descriptions of authenticity. However, dimensions of both Gray's and Cloninger's domains account for only a small 5.7-18% of the shared variance in authenticity, suggesting that authenticity is related but distinct from Gray's and Cloninger's personality dimensions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-197
Number of pages4
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume51
Issue number2
Early online date21 Apr 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Approach
  • Authenticity
  • Avoidance
  • Inhibition
  • Persistence
  • Reward

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