Effects of caffeinated gum on a battery of soccer-specific tests in trained university-standard male soccer players

Mayur Ranchordas, George King, Mitchell Russell, Anthony Lynn, Mark Russell

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    26 Citations (Scopus)
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    The purpose of this study was to determine whether caffeinated gum influenced performance in a battery of soccer-specific tests typically used in the assessment of performance in soccer players.
    In a double blind, randomised, cross-over design, ten male university-standard soccer players (age 19 ± 1 y, stature 1.80 ± 0.10 m, body mass 75.5 ± 4.8 kg) masticated a caffeinated (200 mg; caffeine) or control (0 mg; placebo) gum on two separate occasions. After a standardised warm up, gum was chewed for 5 min and subsequently expectorated 5 min before players performed a maximal countermovement jump, a 20 m sprint test and the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1). Performance on 20 m sprints were not different between trials (caffeine: 3.2 ± 0.3 s, placebo: 3.1 ± 0.3 s; p = 0.567; small effect size: d = 0.33), but caffeine did allow players to cover 2.0% more distance during Yo-Yo IR1 (caffeine: 1754 ± 156 m, placebo: 1719 ± 139 m; p = 0.016; small effect size: d = 0.24) and to increase maximal countermovement jump height by 2.2% (caffeine: 47.1 ± 3.4 cm, placebo: 46.1 ± 3.2 cm; p = 0.008; small effect size: d = 0.30). Performance on selected physical tests (Yo-Yo IR1 and maximal countermovement jump) was improved by the chewing of caffeinated gum (200 mg) in the immediate period before testing in university-standard soccer players. Such findings may have implications for the recommendations made to soccer players about to engage with subsequent exercise performance.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)629-634
    JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2018


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