Effect of β-alanine plus sodium bicarbonate on high-intensity cycling capacity

Craig Sale, Bryan Saunders, Sean Hudson, John A Wise, Roger C Harris, Caroline D Sunderland

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    107 Citations (Scopus)


    PURPOSE: We examined the effect of β-alanine supplementation plus sodium bicarbonate on high-intensity cycling capacity.

    METHODS: Twenty males (age = 25 ± 5 yr, height = 1.79 ± 0.06 m, body mass = 80.0 ± 10.3 kg) were assigned to either a placebo (P) or a β-alanine (BA; 6.4 g·d(-1) for 4 wk) group based on power max, completing four cycling capacity tests at 110% of power max (CCT110%) to determine time to exhaustion (TTE) and total work done. A CCT(110%) was performed twice (habituation and baseline) before supplementation (with maltodextrin [MD]) and twice after supplementation (with MD and with sodium bicarbonate [SB]), using a crossover design with 2 d of rest between trials, creating four study conditions (PMD, PSB, BAMD, and BASB). Blood pH, Lactate, bicarbonate and base excess were determined at baseline, before exercise, immediately after exercise, and 5 min after exercise. Data were analyzed using repeated-measures ANOVA.

    RESULTS: TTE was increased in all conditions after supplementation (+1.6% PMD, +6.5% PSB, +12.1% BAMD, and +16.2% BASB). Both BAMD and BASB resulted in significantly improved TTE compared with that before supplementation (P ≤ 0.01). Although further increases in TTE (4.1%) were shown in BASB compared with BAMD, these differences were not significant (P = 0.74). Differences in total work done were similar to those of TTE. Blood bicarbonate concentrations were significantly (P ≤ 0.001) elevated before exercise in PSB and BASB but not in PMD or BAMD. Blood lactate concentrations were significantly elevated after exercise, remaining elevated after 5 min of recovery (P ≤ 0.001) and were highest in PSB and BASB.

    CONCLUSIONS: Results show that BA improved high-intensity cycling capacity. However, despite a 6-s (∼4%) increase in TTE with the addition of SB, this did not reach statistical significance, but magnitude-based inferences suggested a ∼70% probability of a meaningful positive difference.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1972-8
    Number of pages7
    JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011


    • Adult
    • Bicycling
    • Cross-Over Studies
    • Dietary Supplements
    • Exercise Test
    • Humans
    • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
    • Lactic Acid
    • Male
    • Physical Endurance
    • Polysaccharides
    • Sodium Bicarbonate
    • Young Adult
    • beta-Alanine
    • Controlled Clinical Trial
    • Journal Article


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