Drought and its effect on mental health--how GPs can help.

Gina Maree Sartore, Brian Kelly, Helen J. Stain

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Drought has been a major stressor affecting rural New South Wales communities since late 2001. While much is known about the effects on mental health of acute natural disasters, there is less research available on the effect to communities of chronic natural disasters. Of great concern for Australian rural communities is that independent of drought, the rate of suicide for some groups is higher in rural than urban communities, while access to mental health services is less. OBJECTIVE: This article explores how general practitioners can identify and respond to the drought related mental health needs of farming residents. DISCUSSION: Limited availability of mental health services to rural communities increases reliance on GPs for mental health care. Residents of farming communities report experiencing substantial distress in relation to the drought. The local GP is a key source of consultation, advice and treatment. Early intervention is a critical task in improving the mental health of rural communities. Early intervention provided by GPs will be enhanced through: working closely with other community agencies to promote early effective intervention for mental health problems, improve access to advice and initial consultation, and facilitate urgent consultation when needed; increasing access to services for farmers and responding promptly to needs; and utilising the support of rural organisational workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)990-993
Number of pages4
JournalAustralian Family Physician
Volume36
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes

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