Does radiography advanced practice improve patient outcomes and health service quality? a systematic review

Maryann Hardy, Louise Johnson, Rachael Sharples, Stephen Boynes, Donna Irving

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective:
To investigate the impact of radiographer advanced practice on patient outcomes and health service quality.

Methods:
Using the World Health Organization definition of quality, this review followed the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination guidance for undertaking reviews in healthcare. A range of databases were searched using a defined search strategy. Included studies were assessed for quality using a tool specifically developed for reviewing studies of diverse designs, and data were systematically extracted using electronic data extraction pro forma.

Results:
407 articles were identified and reviewed against the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Nine studies were included in the final review, the majority (n = 7) focusing on advanced radiography practice within the UK. Advanced practice activities considered were radiographer reporting, leading patient review clinics and barium enema examinations. The articles were generally considered to be of low-to-moderate quality, with most evaluating advanced practice within a single centre. With respect to specific quality dimensions, the included studies considered cost reduction, patient morbidity, time to treatment and patient satisfaction. No articles reported data relating to time to diagnosis, time to recovery or patient mortality.

Conclusion:
Radiographer advanced practice is an established activity both in the UK and internationally. However, evidence of the impact of advanced practice in terms of patient outcomes and service quality is limited.

Advances in knowledge:
This systematic review is the first to examine the evidence base surrounding advanced radiography practice and its impact on patient outcomes and health service quality.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
JournalThe British Journal of Radiology
Volume89
Issue number1062
Early online date15 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes

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