Dissociating the facets of hope: agency and pathways predict dropout from unguided self-help therapy in opposite directions

Adam W.A. Geraghty, Alex M. Wood, Michael E. Hyland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hope comprises two components: agency (" goal directed determination" ) and pathways (" planning of ways to meet goals" ). We tested whether these two components can be dissociated and therefore differentially predict dropout from two unguided self-help interventions to reduce worry (gratitude vs. thought monitoring and cognitive restructuring interventions, N=247 entered, 136 completed). 

The two hope components significantly predicted attrition in opposite directions; agency predicted completion (OR=2.15, CI=1.27-3.64, p=.004), whereas pathways predicted dropout (OR=.47, CI=.29-.77, p=.003). Gratitude and thought monitoring reduced worry compared a wait list control, and for completers there was no difference in outcome. 

Conclusion: hope facets can be dissociated; gratitude techniques are as effective and have better retention than a technique commonly used in cognitive behavior therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-158
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Attrition
  • Gratitude
  • Hope
  • Intervention
  • Positive psychology
  • Self-help
  • Worry

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