Hope comprises two components: agency (" goal directed determination" ) and pathways (" planning of ways to meet goals" ). We tested whether these two components can be dissociated and therefore differentially predict dropout from two unguided self-help interventions to reduce worry (gratitude vs. thought monitoring and cognitive restructuring interventions, N=247 entered, 136 completed).
The two hope components significantly predicted attrition in opposite directions; agency predicted completion (OR=2.15, CI=1.27-3.64, p=.004), whereas pathways predicted dropout (OR=.47, CI=.29-.77, p=.003). Gratitude and thought monitoring reduced worry compared a wait list control, and for completers there was no difference in outcome.
Conclusion: hope facets can be dissociated; gratitude techniques are as effective and have better retention than a technique commonly used in cognitive behavior therapy.
- Positive psychology