Development and validation of the compliant and principled sportspersonship scale

John L. Perry, Peter J. Clough, Lee Crust, Sam L. Nabb, Adam R. Nicholls

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)


    Purpose: A new measure of sportspersonship, which differentiates between compliance and principled approaches, was developed and initially validated in 3 studies. Method: Study 1 developed items, assessed content validity, and proposed a model. Study 2 tested the factorial validity of the model on an independent sample. Study 3 further tested the factorial validity on another independent sample as well as the construct validity. Results: In Study 1, a 71-item questionnaire was developed. Exploratory factor analysis reduced the questionnaire to a 6-factor, 33-item scale explaining 47.70% of the variance. Study 2 tested this revised questionnaire in a series of confirmatory factor analyses, presenting a 24-item and 5-factor model with acceptable fit, χ<sup>2</sup>(242) = 455.9, comparative fit index =.93, Tucker-Lewis Index =.92, standardized root mean square residual =.05, root mean square error of approximation =.04. Study 3 provided some evidence to support the construct validity of the 24-item scale using theoretically associated measures. Conclusions: This series of studies provided some initial validity evidences of the Compliant and Principled Sportspersonship Scale.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)71-80
    Number of pages10
    JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
    Issue number1
    Early online date1 Dec 2014
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2015


    • factor analysis
    • moral behavior
    • morality
    • sportsmanship


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