OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between components of shame (characterological, behavioural and bodily) and eating disturbance.
METHOD: This was a cross sectional study of 859 female and 256 male participants from the general population [non-clinical (NCP)] and 167 female participants from an eating disordered population [clinical (CP)] completing the Experience of Shame Scale. The NCP samples also completed the Eating Attitudes Test-26, and the CP samples completed the Eating Disorder Risk Composite of the Eating Disorder Inventory-3. Participants were recruited via schools/colleges, eating disorder charities and the Internet.
RESULTS: Bodily and characterological shame were independently predictive of eating disturbance in female NCP samples (both, p < .001); bodily shame was uniquely predictive of eating disturbance for the male NCP (p < .05) and female CP samples (p < .001).
CONCLUSION: The aetiology of eating disturbance may be different for male and female NCP samples. The male NCP and the female CP samples displayed a similar pathway to eating disturbance. It is important to acknowledge the different components of shame associated with eating disturbance in different populations.
- Body Image
- Cross-Sectional Studies
- Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology
- Middle Aged
- Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
- Regression Analysis
- Risk Factors
- Self Concept
- Sex Factors
- Young Adult