Competition anxiety, motivation, and mental toughness in golf

Jordan Schaefer, Stewart A. Vella, Mark S. Allen, Christopher A. Magee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to examine whether one's profile of motivation was associated with competition anxiety through mental toughness among 173 competitive golfers (164 men, 9 women). Latent profile analysis identified three distinct motivation profiles (high, moderate, and low motivation). Multicategorical mediation models demonstrated that athletes reporting low or moderate levels of motivation had higher levels of competition anxiety, with these associations partially mediated by lower levels of mental toughness. These findings would permit practitioners to better understand motivation, mental toughness, and competition anxiety symptoms, and their associations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-320
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Competition anxiety, motivation, and mental toughness in golf'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this