Committed relationships and enhanced threat levels: Perceptions of coach behavior, the coach-athlete relationship, stress appraisals, and coping among athletes

Adam R. Nicholls, Andrew R. Levy, Rudi Meir, Jon Nevern Radcliffe, John Perry

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    Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to assess an a priori model that included perceptions of coach behavior, coach-athlete relationship, stress appraisals, and coping. Two-hundred and seventy-four athletes completed relevant measures that assessed each construct. Our results revealed that perceptions of coach behavior were associated with aspects of the coach-athlete relationship and stress appraisals. In particular, closeness was positively associated with challenge appraisals and negatively with threat appraisals. However, commitment was positively associated with threat, indicating that there might be some negative implications of having a highly committed coach-athlete relationship. Further, commitment was also positively associated with disengagement-oriented coping, which has previously been linked to poor performance and negative goal-attainment. Applied practitioners could monitor athlete’s perceptions of the coach-athlete relationship, particularly commitment levels, and provide training in appraising stress and coping to those who also score highly on threat and disengagement-oriented coping, but low on task-oriented coping
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)16-26
    Number of pages11
    JournalInternational Journal of Sports Science and Coaching
    Volume11
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

    Keywords

    • Challenge
    • Coaching
    • Stress management
    • Threat

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