Robbins and Francis (1996) note that the relationship between religiosity and happiness varies according to the precise measures used and the samples studied. To further explore the association between religiosity and happiness, 154 Northern Irish undergraduate students completed the Depression-Happiness Scale and a measure of frequency of Church attendance. No significant association was found between a greater frequency of Church attendance and happiness scores. As such, these findings compliment previous research using the Depression-Happiness Scale alongside an attitudinal measure of religion, and support the view that when happiness is operationalised in terms of the Depression-Happiness Scale there is no association with either attitudinal of behavioural measures of religiosity.
- Church attendance