Barriers to the prescription of psychological strategies by strength and conditioning specialists

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1948-1959
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2017
The purpose of this paper was to explore the barriers to strength and conditioning coaches integrating psychological strategies within the strength and conditioning practice. The sample of accredited strength and conditioning coaches comprised 10 subjects working within the UK, 3 within the USA and 5 within Australia offering a cross section of experience from a range sporting disciplines and educational backgrounds. Subjects were interviewed using semi-structured interviews and thematic clustering was employed utilizing interpretative phonological analysis to identify common themes. It was evident that not incorporating psychological strategies into strength and conditioning practice could be attributed to either internal, personally governed beliefs, or external, environmentally governed situations. Internal sources consisted of insufficient knowledge either regarding the value of psychological strategies or methods of implementing such techniques in addition the implementation of psychological techniques was outside the remit of the coach and difficulty existed in demonstrating the effectiveness of interventions. External causes consisted of a lack of time, insufficient control and authority of training session content and athletes’ negative perceptions. Recommendations are made on the basis of eliminating the observed barriers to the inclusion of psychological strategies. This included the use of education programs for both strength and conditioning coaches and organizational gate keepers and the suggestion for increased collaboration with qualified psychologists.

    Research areas

  • Continual professional development, sport psychology, barriers


  • Radcliffe J - REVISION_1_manuscript

    Rights statement: © 2017 National Strength & Conditioning Association. This is an author produced version of a paper published in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self- archiving policy.

    Accepted author manuscript, 252 KB, PDF document

Related faculties, schools or groups

External organisations

  • University of Salford
  • Liverpool Hope University

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