Appraisals and suicidality: The mediating role of defeat and entrapment

Peter James Taylor, Alex M. Wood, Patricia Gooding, Nicholas Tarrier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)


This study tested whether feelings of defeat and entrapment mediated the effects of negative appraisals upon suicidal ideation and behavior. A sample of 93 university students who reported some degree of suicidal ideation completed questionnaires of negative appraisals of social-support and problem-solving, defeat, entrapment, hopelessness and suicidality. The results supported a model whereby defeat and entrapment fully mediated the effect of appraisals of social support and problem-solving ability upon suicidality. Furthermore, controlling for hopelessness had no substantive impact upon this model. The findings support socio-cognitive models of suicidal behavior and highlight the key role of defeat and entrapment in suicide. The clinical implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-247
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Appraisal
  • Defeat
  • Entrapment
  • Hopelessness
  • Suicide


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