Immunohistochemical study of brains of five teleost fishes (molly, sea bass, killifish, flounder, tilapia) revealed similar extensive systems of galanin immunoreactive (GAL-ir) neurons. Cell bodies were located in the anterior preoptic recess (where coexistence with corticotrophin-releasing factor-like-ir was found), posterior tuberal hypothalamus and vagal lobe of the medulla oblongata. Fibres in the fingers of neurohypophysial tissue penetrating the pituitary pars distalis suggested an anatomical relationship between GAL-ir terminals and the hormone secreting cells. Electron microscopic studies on sea bass pituitary revealed contacts of GAL-ir fibres with growth hormone cells and gonadotrophs. Thus a GAL-like peptide may be released from nerve terminals in the teleost pituitary, where it may act locally to modulate the secretion of one or more pituitary hormones.
- Teleost fish