Ambidextrous Intellectual Capital (AIC): a measuring framework

Tarique Mahmood, Muhammad Shujaat Mubarik, Tahir Islam, Navaz Naghavi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The study focuses on the fusion of organizational ambidexterity and intellectual capital and proposes a construct to measure the ambidextrous intellectual capital (AIC).We argue that ambidextrous learning is derived from intellectual capital architectures that underlies unique configurations of human, relational, and structural capital. A threefold approach was adopted to develop the scale of AIC. Initially, a total of 501 sub-dimensions of IC were identified through a survey of the literature. In the second stage, the preliminary survey was conducted from 90 selected experts, aiming to select the most relevant dimensions and sub-dimensions of AIC. Among the 501 identified dimensions of intellectual capital, 12 dimensions of HC, 10 dimensions for RC, and 10 dimensions for SC were selected using the mean value criteria. In the last stage, statements were generated keeping in view both dimensions of ambidexterity i.e. exploitation and exploration. The developed constructs to gauge AIC—Intellectual Capital with Organizational Ambidexterity—was reviewed by the experts to ascertain whether the generated statements truly captured the main idea or not. After incorporating experts’ feedback, the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted by collecting the data from 548 respondents. The results accrued the AIC questionnaire with a total of 91 items. The developed questionnaire can be used to measure the AIC of an organization.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe dynamics of intellectual capital in current era
EditorsMuhammad Shahbaz, Muhammad Shujaat Mubarik, Tarique Mahmood
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9789811616921
ISBN (Print)9789811616914, 9789811616945
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Ambidextrous intellectual capital
  • Exploratory factor analysis
  • Intellectual capital
  • Organizational ambidexterity


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