A water quality index for river management

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-344
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Institution of Water and Environmental Management
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1989

The theoretical basis underlying the development of a new series of water quality indices is outlined. The main features of their development are the incorporation of legally adopted water quality standards and criteria and the inclusion of information on potential water use and toxic determinands directly within their structural format. Thus an indication of a change in the economic potential of a river through a gradual change in water quality (and hence water use) can be obtained. The General Water Quality Index (WQI) has been applied to all the data for an annual or longer time series as a means of detecting cycles and trends in river water quality. An examination of the lowest determinand ratings for each data set highlights the specific determinand(s) responsible for these deteriorations. A 5 percentile WQI score has been calculated for the time series of data and 90 per cent upper and lower confidence limits calculated around this score. The results of these applications indicate the ability to the index accurately to reflect both changes in water quality and potential water use.

    Research areas

  • Water quality indices, Classification, Categorization, Operational management, Toxicity

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